We all have jobs to do:  some of us are svelte ballerinas, working the barre every morning.  Some are thick loggers, tugging & shifting heavy stumps, requiring lots of muscle to finish the order.

Regardless of job description, sufficient caloric intake/expenditure is necessary to keep our bodies balanced w/ adequate energy reserves.  

BFII pups are gently weaned w/ cereal composed of dry kibble, soaked in hot water (5-20 min), powdered puppy-lac, puppy vitamins, yogurt & the smallest amount of sour cream & cottage cheese.  As growth
progresses, puppy lac & sour cream are removed  from recipe, leaving yogurt & cottage cheese in slightly crunchy kibble. 
Water & soak time is cut back, allowing grinding teeth to do their job.

Momma permits babies to continue to suckle until 5-7 weeks, when her milk supply (& its' nutritional substance) is pretty well depleted - nesting together is more of emotional hunger, rather than nutritional gain.  Pups become less interested in the "milk bar" & more interested in wrestling their littermates. Therefore, by the time pups seperate to go to their new homes, all facets of weaning (physical/emotional/mental) have evolved.   

Weaning occurs naturally, some slower than others to leave the nest - usually there is no call for human interference. Pups develop in their own time frame.

Same w/ horses:  nutritional gain via Momma's milk lasts long enough for the foal to learn to graze & digest grain & forage.  

During any weaning process, inoculations are given to support the youngsters' immune system, as well as wormers to destroy parasitic cycles in the intestines. 

During early months/years, most energy is needed for sturdy growth.  Babies require the greatest amount of space to roam, stretch their limbs & strengthen their bones. Therefore, diet and exercise for a youngster is different than whats required for an adult. 

As a general rule, puppies are kept on growth formula until the age of 16-18 months.  Annual booster shots are in their best interest.

Horses require Spring/Fall inoculations, including rabies. Foals & mares in foal have different requirements as their bodies are doing a "different job".

Like human children, certain growth formulas may be too rich, providing excessive crazy energy & weight gain.

Not sure??? ---- ask your vet.


Well, you say, what about treats?

Similar to humans, too many treats are not good for the digestive system.

Yes, they love them, but watch for signs the body is rebelling:  tummy upsets, diarrhea, bloody stools, lethargy, vomiting, refusal to eat normal diet.. or .. FAT dog.

Whats good?

There are a multitude of commercial choices for dogs/horses - hard, chewy bone to clean the teeth are great for dogs, apple treats & peppermints are tasty for horses.

CC's are partial to peanut butter, right from the jar.  However, sometimes commercial peanut butter treats are not as popular (maybe stale?). 

Fresh banana?  Yum.  Watch your fingers.

Mandarin oranges (canned) - drives CC's crazy!  They will climb walls to get to mandarins.

Pineapple (canned) - another delectable delight.  They can't get enough.

Apples - high on the list of favorites for both dogs and horses.

Carrots - loves by horses - only so-so for most dogs.

Fresh oranges - LOVED by both horses and dogs. 

Yogurt - fruit or regular - tastes good & good for digestive system.

Green hard chew bones, designed to clean teeth are terrific for pups. Beefy giant knuckles or femur bones - tastes good & wear tartar from teeth.

Bellissima Farms is not a vet center, but we love to share info with other pet lovers.  Always consult your vet for bottom line medical advice.  

What should be denied?  Chocolate, onions, grapes & raisins - bad, bad, BAD.  AVOID!  Serious health concern



Of course the CC likes snacks! 

But beware - before you build yourself a 
Frankenstein monster - know your products. 

Teaching the pup to beg for goodies, then 
rewarding them w/ tasty treats is a tough habit 
to break.

Like us, over-indulgence in snacks usually changes 
balance in stomach/instestinal tract = delivering
a good belly ache, loose or bloody stools, etc.  

If not commercially marketed, study item prior to
rewarding pup:  NOT all fruit is good/healthy.  For example, mandarin oranges, pineapple, apples, strawberries, pear, oranges, blueberries (at room temperature) drive many pups loco, but grapes/raisins are dead toxic. 3/4 of a lb. can lead to pup's demise.

Some pups are crazy over peanut butter (crunchy or creamy), cream cheese or velveeta cheese (great place to 
hide their meds), while others may turn up their noses.

Most pups are coo-coo for chocolate, but reports identify milk chocolate toxic at 1 ounce per lb. of dog - while dark chocolate is toxic @ 1/8 an ounce per lb. of dog.    

While human meds are not offered as treats, be advised they sicken pets as much, or more so, than other toxic substances. Meds, lost on the floor, are an interesting item to taste.

Dogs who run & forage are susceptible to devouring wild rabbits or mice - some who may have consumed toxic pesticides.    

Signs of poisoning:  lethargy, vomiting, depression, seizures, refusal to eat, diarrhea, bloody stools

Partial list of potential deadly products

*Over the counter meds, such as ibuprophen, acetaminophen 
*Perscription meds, including, but not limited to:  anti-depressants, ADHD meds
*Rogaine is especially vile
*Grapes, all chocolates 
*House plants, garden plants, their vines, bulbs, leaves or berries/fruit/barbs/thorns-not limited to:  especially Easter lily, Poinsettias,Azaleas,Oleander, Yew, Sago Palm, MistletoeCastor Bean, Coffee Bean, Buffalo Bur, Poison Hemlock, Yellow Jessamine, Purple Sesbane, Evening Trumpet, Rattlebox, Ivy Bush, Philodendren, Rhododendren, Snake Plant, Scheffelera, Jerusalem Cherry, Horse Nettle, English Holly, european Holly, Daffodil, Hyacinth, Kalan choe, Dogbane, Water Hemlock, Lambskill, Caladium, Umbrella Tree, Spider Plant, Angel's Wings, Carolina Jessamine, St. Bernards Lily, cyclamen, Dumbcane, Foxglove, Cathedral Bells, Snowbred, 
*Poison mushrooms
*Wild grasses & seeds
*Potato vines & stems
*Tomato vines & stems
*Wood preservative
*Certain uncooked fish, such as salmon
*Lead - paints, pencils, bullets, linoleum, batteries, solder, etc.     
*Certain nuts, i.e. macadamia
*Alcohol, especially cream based drinks, i.e., russian egg nog, etc.
insecticides rodenticides, household toxics plants herbicides  antifreeze fertilizers 
*Raw bread dough - made from scratch - raising bread produces gas & alcohol, dough continues to expand while inside animal
*Marijuana can increase blood pressure
*Sugarless candy
*Onions & garlic - cooked or raw (review garlic commercially especially prepared for animal ingestion)
*Toad poisoning